The red skin, the irritation, the bumps, the itchiness - those who have rosacea are all too familiar with these regular symptoms. As a result, you're likely to feel insecure about your skin as well as agitated by the discomfort caused by this medical condition. By understanding more about rosacea, such as what causes it, what risk factors influence it, symptoms and complications, and treatments, you can live a fuller, more confident life.
What Is Rosacea?
Rosacea is a skin issue that causes red patches on your face. These patches also include bumps that can leak out pus if you touch or pop them. The irritated skin may also itch or hurt. You cannot ignore rosacea, for the symptoms do not disappear on their own over time. Instead, you need to treat the condition in order for the red skin, bumps, and itchiness to abate. Even still, sometimes symptoms worsen for no reason for a few days, weeks, or even months. This will stop eventually but is likely to recur.
What Causes Rosacea?
Overall, doctors and researchers can't quite pinpoint what causes this condition. Rosacea affects both men and women, but the latter are more likely to develop it, especially if they have a lighter skin tone. If you're older, between 30 to 60 years old, you're more likely to get it, and if you have a family history of rosacea, you will likely develop it as well.
If you already have the condition, avoid alcohol, certain blood pressure medications, excessive exposure to sunlight, hot foods, taking corticosteroids, weather that is too hot or too cold, and showers that are too hot. These all irritate rosacea.
What Are the Symptoms of Rosacea?
As mentioned, rosacea has some very pronounced symptoms, including reddened skin, bumps, and skin itchiness or pain. You may also notice that your nose can begin to grow over time, especially if you're a man with the condition. Your eyes may also bother you; they may itch, look red, and feel dryer than usual. People may assume that rosacea is acne or sunburn, so if your nose and eyes are affected, it's definitely rosacea and not those other skin problems.
What Are the Complications of Rosacea?
Since rosacea can get worse if you don't treat it, over time, you could develop rhinophyma. This occurs when your nose's sebaceous glands or oil glands grow from untreated rosacea. With rhinophyma, your nose begins to take on a rounder shape, which is permanent unless reversed with surgery. As mentioned, although men are more likely to get rhinophyma than women, it can affect both genders. The changes in your nose shape may be subtle since it takes years for rhinophyma to become fully pronounced.
How is Rosacea Diagnosed?
If you believe that you have rosacea, schedule an appointment with your doctor. The condition is diagnosed when your doctor browses through your medical history and listens to your descriptions of your symptoms. No particular tests are used to diagnose rosacea.
How Is Rosacea Treated?
Unfortunately, rosacea is incurable, but with the right treatment regimen, your symptoms can all but disappear. Some acne medications, including those with isotretinoin like Claravis, can make those unwanted bumps go away. Certain antibiotics can make your skin redness become less visible. Electrosurgery or laser surgery can improve tissue and blood vessel functioning around your nose if you have rhinophyma.
You should also make some lifestyle changes in addition to taking medications to keep your rosacea at bay. Check the ingredients of all skincare products and cosmetics for irritating agents and chemicals and then avoid these products. Look for products for sensitive skin instead. Keep your hands away from your face. Always wear sunscreen when outside for extended periods of time. By taking better care of your skin, it will look and feel better.